An ophthalmology code of ethics in Canada: enhancing our practice patterns

      Medical codes of ethics are social contracts between physicians and the public that describe ethical values and standards of care to which we hold all members of our profession. These codes of conduct reflect the virtuous and trustworthy character that society expects from physicians. Codes of ethics also help guide physicians facing challenging situations through a framework of fundamental principles and values of medical ethics. The Canadian Medical Association code of ethics (CMA code),

      Canadian Medical Association. Code of Ethics, 2004 Update. Accessed April 2, 2015

      first published in 1868, is a robust and well-established ethical guide to help all practicing Canadian physicians. However, Canadian eye physicians and surgeons may face several unique ethical challenges not addressed in the CMA code due to evolving research, abundant innovative technology, and changing practice patterns in ophthalmology.
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