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A half century of the Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology: sightlines back with a vision to the future

      The year 2016 marks a milestone year in the history of the Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology (CJO) as the journal celebrates its 50th anniversary. The history of ophthalmology in Canada has been long and storied. Ophthalmology was first recognized by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada as a specialty in the Division of Surgery with council approval in 1937. The first certificates were awarded in 1946.

      Heritage and Special Collections Administrator, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Table: Historical Overview of Specialties Recognized by The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada 1929–2015. Personal communication, March 22, 2016.

      Notably, in that very first year, a record 105 ophthalmologists received certification, including 3 female ophthalmologists, possibly reflecting a cluster of individuals who had been awaiting formalization of examinations as the numbers certified in subsequent years were lower, increasing from approximately 20 per year through the 1950s to 44 in 2015.

      Heritage and Special Collections Administrator, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Personal communication, March 31, 2016.

      The earliest accreditation records of the Royal College dating back to 1950 documented accredited ophthalmology programs in 5 cities: Edmonton, Toronto, Montreal, Quebec, and Saint John. By 2014, accredited programs existed in 14 cities across the country.

      Information Management Assistant, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Personal communication, March 24, 2016.

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      References

      1. Heritage and Special Collections Administrator, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Table: Historical Overview of Specialties Recognized by The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada 1929–2015. Personal communication, March 22, 2016.

      2. Heritage and Special Collections Administrator, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Personal communication, March 31, 2016.

      3. Information Management Assistant, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Personal communication, March 24, 2016.

      4. Elsevier. Table: Subscribers. Email communication, March 8, 2014.

      5. Elsevier. Table 1 – Number of manuscripts received, rejection rate, and journal impact factor. Full Year 2014 Publisher Report. Email communication, March 21, 2015.

      6. Elsevier. Table: 2014 Corresponding Authors, by Country. Full Year 2014 Publisher Report. Email communication, March 21, 2015.