Pneumatic retinopexy as a treatment for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in pediatric patients meeting PIVOT criteria



      To report the results of pneumatic retinopexy (PnR) as the initial treatment in pediatric patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) fulfilling The Pneumatic Retinopexy versus Vitrectomy for the Management of Primary Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Outcomes Randomized Trial (PIVOT) criteria.


      A retrospective multicentre study.


      Pediatric patients who underwent outpatient PnR as the initial treatment for RRD from January 2006 to July 2019 who met PIVOT criteria.


      Patients underwent anterior chamber paracentesis followed by intravitreal injection of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) gas. Either laser retinopexy was performed following retinal reattachment or cryopexy was performed at the time of the initial procedure.


      A total of 20 eyes of 20 consecutive patients met inclusion criteria and were included in this study. Mean (± standard deviation [SD]) follow-up time was 42.2 ± 38.0 months. Mean patient age was 14.4 years (range, 9–18). There were 17 males and 3 females. The mean (± SD) logMar visual acuity improved from 0.73 ± 0.82 (Snellen equivalent approximately 20/100) to 0.37 ± 0.46 (Snellen equivalent approximately 20/50; p = 0.02) at 3 months and to 0.40 ± 0.54 (Snellen equivalent approximately 20/50; p = 0.05) at last follow-up. Primary reattachment rate was 85% (17/20) at 3 months and 75% (15/20) at last follow-up visit.


      PnR may be an effective treatment option for RRD in pediatric patients meeting PIVOT criteria.
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