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Macular Integrity Assessment Microperimeter, Humphrey Field Analyzer and Optical Coherence Tomography in Glaucoma Practice: A Correlation Study

Published:August 03, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjo.2021.07.004

      Abstract

      Objective

      To compare and correlate retinal sensitivities measured with macular integrity assessment microperimetry (MAIA-MP) and Humphrey field analyzer (HFA) 10-2 tests with structural parameters obtained from optical coherence tomography (OCT) in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and ocular hypertension.

      Methods

      This study included 63 participants (22 with POAG, 20 with ocular hypertension, and 21 control individuals). All participants underwent HFA 10-2 and MAIA-MP (macular retinal sensitivity tests) and measurements for optic nerve head (ONH), peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer thickness (PRNFLT), and ganglion cell inner plexiform layer thickness (GCIPLT) using OCT. The relationship between macular retinal sensitivity and OCT parameters was evaluated by Pearson correlation analysis and linear regression modelling.

      Results

      POAG cases had a strong association between the MAIA-MP and ONH parameters (optic disc area [ODA], p = 0.037; cup volume, p = 0.043), PRNFLT (average, p = 0.009; inferior PRNFLT, p = 0.004), and GCIPLT in all macula sectors (p ≤ 0.005 for all). HFA 10-2 had a moderate correlation with the ONH parameters (cup-to-disc ratio [CDR], p = 0.042; vertical CDR, p = 0.037; cup volume, p = 0.037; ODA, p = 0.014), PRNFLT (average, inferior, and nasal, p < 0.05 for all), and GCIPLT in all macula sectors (p < 0.005 for all). OHT cases had a weak correlation between HFA 10-2 and nasal and superior PRNFLTs (p = 0.035 and p = 0.047, respectively).

      Conclusion

      MAIA-MP and HFA 10-2 functional parameters have strong correlations with the structural parameters obtained by OCT in POAG cases. Both devices are useful in assessing the central visual field in glaucoma, with MAIA-MP potentially beneficial in patients with limited cooperation or poor vision.
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