Original Article|Articles in Press

Efficacy and safety of ab interno trabeculectomy revision with 5-fluorouracil in advanced glaucoma due to subconjunctival fibrosis

Published:December 05, 2022DOI:



      To describe the outcomes of patients who underwent a single ab interno trabeculectomy revision augmented with 5-fluorouracil.


      Retrospective cohort study.


      All patients who had undergone ab interno trabeculectomy revision at a single tertiary care centre during the 5-year study period. All patients had advanced glaucomatous optic neuropathy, and all treated ages and glaucoma subtypes were included.


      Outcome measures included surgical success, number of topical intraocular pressure (IOP)–lowering drops, best-corrected visual acuity, visual field mean deviation, and postoperative complications. Success at 12 months was defined using 2 criteria: criterion A (IOP <15 mm Hg and >20% reduction) and criterion B (IOP <12 mm Hg and >20% reduction). Each success criterion was subdivided into patients who achieved success without topical IOP-lowering drops (complete success) or with topical therapy (qualified success).


      This study included 46 eyes of 46 patients. Of these, 34 patients were followed for 12 months or more to assess surgical success. Success defined by criterion A was achieved by 68% of these 34 patients (53% complete, 15% qualified). Success defined by criterion B was achieved by 47% of these patients (38% complete, 9% qualified). Early hypotony was noted in 68% of eyes but was not associated with negative visual acuity or visual field outcomes.


      An IOP of <12 mm Hg and a >20% IOP reduction were achieved by 47% of patients overall (with or without topical therapy) at 12 months of follow-up. Transient early postoperative hypotony should be expected following ab interno revision trabeculectomy.
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