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Effect of race and ethnicity on surgical outcomes for rhegmatogenous retinal detachments

Published:January 04, 2023DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjo.2022.12.003

      Abstract

      Objective

      To evaluate the effect of socioeconomic and demographic factors on outcomes in rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRDs).

      Design

      Retrospective cohort study.

      Methods

      A total of 71 white and 124 black and/or Hispanic patients who had surgical repair of RRDs between October 2013 and September 2021 at a single-centre safety net hospital. Main outcomes were single surgery success rates (SSSR) and postoperative visual acuity at 6-month and final follow-up.

      Results

      Black and (or) Hispanic patients were significantly younger (black and [or] Hispanic, 50.7 years vs white, 57.6 years; p = 0.003), had lower mean household incomes (black and [or] Hispanic, $80,932 vs white, $92,911; p = 0.007), were more likely to have more than 1 retinal break (black and [or] Hispanic, 65% vs white, 49%; p = 0.04), and had higher rates of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) at presentation (black and [or] Hispanic, 35% vs white, 18%; p = 0.02). SSSR was similar (black and [or] Hispanic, 73.4% vs white, 73.2%; p = 0.98), but black and (or) Hispanic patients had worse visual acuity postoperatively (black and [or] Hispanic, 20/63 vs white, 20/40 at final follow-up; p = 0.03). While race was linked to visual outcome in univariate testing; multivariate analysis revealed only macula status (p = 0.007 at 6 months; p = 0.01 at final follow-up), presence of PVR (p < 0.001 at both time points), and SSSR (p = 0.003 at final follow-up) as predictors of worse visual outcomes.

      Conclusions

      Preoperative factors such as higher rates of PVR may contribute to worse vision outcomes in black and (or) Hispanic patients undergoing surgical repair for RRD.
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