Leber hereditary optic neuropathy: 41-year interval between fellow eye involvementLeber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is an inherited mitochondrial disorder that typically presents in young men with painless, subacute, bilateral (simultaneous or sequential) central vision loss.1,2 Most cases have nonsimultaneous involvement of the contralateral eye in an interval less than 1 year.2,3 However, there are reports of loss of vision in the fellow eye over 1 year later. To date, the longest interval between affected eyes is 18 years.4 We present a patient with an interval of 41 years.
Abducens nerve palsy and ipsilateral Horner syndrome as the presenting finding of carotid cavernous fistulaAn 84-year-old female with history of hypertension and hyperlipidemia presented with nontraumatic left eyelid edema, erythema, and ptosis followed by acute painless binocular horizontal diplopia. Best corrected visual acuity was 20/20 OD and 20/30 OS. The OD pupil measured 4 mm in the dark and 2 mm in the light, and the OS pupil measured 3 mm in the dark and 2 mm in the light. No relative afferent pupillary defect was detected. There was a 50 prism diopter esotropia in primary gaze and an abduction deficit of –4 OS (Fig.