- High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is a cardiovascular exercise strategy that combines short bursts of intense anaerobic exercise with quick recovery periods. There are significant cardiovascular, metabolic, and mental health benefits associated with HIIT.1 Furthermore, this exercise regimen is correlated with better macular and optic nerve head capillary perfusion, microvascular remodelling, and decreased size of the foveal avascular zone in the long-term.1,2
- With the accelerated spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 leading to coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, there are unprecedented challenges on the medical community. Of major concern are the high titres of virus in the oropharynx early in the disease course, and long incubation period (5–7 days) of asymptomatic shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2.1 Effective use of personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves, face masks, goggles, face shields, and gowns is critical to prevent the spread of infection to and from health care workers and patients.
- An epiretinal membrane (ERM) forms in the posterior pole from cellular proliferation on the inner limiting membrane (also known as the internal limiting membrane, ILM). ERMs are most commonly idiopathic and develop after posterior vitreous detachment but can occur secondary to ocular or systemic diseases or retinal injuries such as tears and detachments. Most patients who develop ERMs remain asymptomatic; however, metamorphopsia and progressive decline in visual acuity can occur over time with epiretinal contraction.
- Central serous retinopathy (CSR) is a common ocular disease of young and middle-aged adults that affects men more than women. It manifests as the accumulation of central subretinal fluid (SRF) with or without the presence of retinal pigment epithelial detachment (RPED) and is often associated with reduced visual acuity (VA) or metamorphopsia.1 Most cases of idiopathic CSR resolve spontaneously; however, chronic cases in which the SRF persists longer than 3 months may require treatment.2 In cases of CSR with a focal leak, retinal laser photocoagulation may be an appropriate treatment option to accelerate the resorption of SRF and improve VA.
- Panuveitis with orbital inflammatory syndrome (OIS) is rare with few reported cases in the world literature. In this article, we report 2 cases of panuveitis with OIS presenting to our tertiary care hospital within a few weeks of each other. Coincidentally, both patients’ presentations developed shortly after influenza vaccination.